JPEG – JPEG files are compressed quickly in the camera, and thus result in a loss of detail and quality. They are essentially set up to store as many images on the memory card as possible.
TIFF – This is the most commonly used industry-standard file format, and is generally what print or publishers ask for. Even if the end file format required is a JPEG, the initial captured file would be TIFF.
RAW – It is the best option if you want to get the absolute best file from your camera – this is the option preferred by professional photographers. Raw files are compressed using a process that retains all of the information originally captured.
DNG – This file format, created by Adobe, is an attempt to create a standard raw file format across all manufacturers and cameras.
PNG – Designed in the 90s as an improvement for GIF file format, PNG files are ideal for use on the internet.
GIF – Like PNGs, GIF files are ideal for use on the internet. Lossless compression means image quality is not sacrificed, and like PNGs they also offer the ability to maintain
BMP – BMP was invented by Microsoft, initially for use on the Windows platform but is now recognized by programs on Macs as well. BMPs are large file sizes as color data is saved in each individual pixel in the image without any compression.
PSD – This file type is what Adobe Photoshop uses as a default to save data. The big advantage of PSD files are that it allows for manipulation on specific individual layers, rather than on the main image itself.